Terminology

Why learn Korean Terminology?

If you train Taekwondo in any country with any instructor, you will become familiar with Korean terminology and commands. As a result, students of any nationality should be able to train with some degree of familiarity within classes taught across the globe.

All of our classes incorporate basic Korean terminology and commands alongside their English equivalent.

In preparing for your black belt grading regardless of dan level, you will need to explain the meaning of your current poomse and expand upon your current understanding of Korean terminology used in Taekwondo.

The following list of Korean terminology and its accompanying English translations, is to assist students in becoming more familiar with common terms used in Taekwondo.

Commands
GIHAP  – To yell with concentrated effort

Cha- lyot – Attention

Gyong-neh – Bow

Jun-bi – Ready

Shi-jak – Start

Guman – Finish

Shyeo – Rest

Dora – Turn

Ye – yes

Anio – no

Poomsae – Form work (patterns)

Kyeorugi – Sparring

Gup – Coloured belt grade

Dan – Black belt grade

Stances
Jun-bi seogi – Ready stance

Pyoni seogi – Natural stance

Jeochum seogi – Horse stance

Ap gubi – Front stance

Dit Gubi – Back stance

Bom seogi – Cat stance

Haktari seogi – Crane stance

Blocks
Arae makgi – Lower block

Mon tong makgi – Middle block (body block)

Bakgat makgi – Outside block

Olgul makgi – Upper block

Sonnal makgi – Knife hand block

Hechyo makgi – Double block

Eotgeoreo makgi – Cross block

Montong bakkat makgi – Outward middle block

Punches
Jirugi – Punch

Bandae jirugi – Front punch

Baro jirugi – Reverse front punch

Momtong jirugi – Middle punch

Olgul jirugi – Face punch

Dung jumok – Back fist

Doo bun – Double punch

Sae bun jirugi – Triple punch

Strikes
Chigi – Strike

Me jumok chigi – Hammer fist strike

Pyeonsonkoot chigi – Spear strike

Sonnal chigi – Knife hand strike

Palgub chigi – Elbow strike

Kicks
Ap chagi –Front kick

Yop chagi – Side kick

Dolyo chagi­ – Roundhouse kick

Mom dolyo chagi – Reverse turning kick

Dit chagi – Back kick

A chagi – Axe kick

Miro chagi – Pushing kick

Edan dolga chagi –Jumping up back kick

Numbers
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

20

21

22

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

Hanna

TUL (“T” is pronounced as “D”)

Set

Net

Tasot

Yosot

ILGOB (“B” is silent)

Yudol

Ahop

Yeol

Yeol hanna

Yeol tul

Yeol set

Seumool

Seumool hanna

Seumool tul

Soreun

Maheun

Sheen

Yesoon

Ilheun

Yudoon

Aheun

Bak